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When a person becomes a Croatian citizen, wants to do business in Croatia, or buys real estate, it is necessary to obtain an OIB. This identification number serves mainly as a VAT ID for tax purposes but has to be obtained in some other circumstances as well.
In the following paragraphs, we’re going to share everything you need to know about OIB and step by step tutorial on how to apply for it.
OIB is a personal identification number (Osobni Identifikacijski Broj in Croatian) used for easier data exchange between different government authorities and a cleaner overview of properties owned by both citizens and legal bodies. It has replaced all other identification variations and enabled the modernization of public institutions.
OIB consists of eleven (11) digits and is unique to every person or legal entity, which makes exchanging data much easier and more convenient.
By the Personal Identification Number Act, foreigners need an OIB in several different scenarios:
Once you have established that you need an OIB, you need to go through a relatively easy application process and can be done online. The whole process is outlined below as a complete guide to getting an OIB in Croatia in 2022.
The first step is to fulfill the Application for the determination and assignment of the personal identification number (OIB). In this form, the applicants should provide their personal information.
The same application is used for natural persons and legal entities. If you are a natural person, you should fulfill the data under sections 1.1., 1.2., and 1.3., while companies and other legal bodies need to enter data under section 2.1.
The list of documents attached needs to be completed by both natural persons and legal entities. Below you can find the links to the application forms in Croatian, English, and German.
Once you fill in all information, you have to print the application form and sign it.
To confirm all information listed in the OIB application, an applicant must enclose an identity document. That can be a copy of a European identity card or a copy of your passport.
Keep in mind that if you are applying for an OIB with a power of attorney, you must also attach it to the application.
Companies that want to apply for an OIB need to enclose proof of establishment, a registry extract from the court. The document has to be translated to Croatian by a certified court interpreter.
Until the COVID-19 pandemic, the documents had to be delivered in person, but now you can also do it online.
How to do it step-by-step:
The other way is to send the documents and a short email with your request to email@example.com.
The Tax Administration usually takes up to eight (8) days to process the OIB requests, and an applicant should get it via email. However, the Certification of OIB needs to be taken over in person.
If you are currently in Croatia, you can also hand in your application and the identity document in person in your Tax Administration office (find the addresses and contact info here).
This is a more speedy process and, depending on the workload of the administration clerks, you can get it in a few minutes. If the office is busy, you can pick it up usually the next day or receive the OIB via email. The same rule goes for the Certification - you have to do it in person.
There are no fees or taxes when applying for an OIB, making the process free of charge for everyone.